Museum of Adrano, archaeology and history under the volcanoMuseum of Adrano, archaeology and history under the volcano

Ethno-anthropological Collection

The Ethno-anthropological collection of the Museum of Adrano includes tools and local artefacts. The value of these objects is not their antiquity, which almost never goes back to before the nineteenth century, but whether they are documents of the material culture, these are objects that allow the visitor a journey into the past thanks to the possibility of knowing old tools and working methods of popular culture in local species Adrano.

Sewing machine iron
(beginning of the Twentieth Century)

Key carretto depicting S. George and the Dragon, performed on spruce wood carved, inlaid and painted
(beginning of the Twentieth Century)

Bilance on wood base. A Two-arm balance with brass plates, for measuring small quantities (gunpowders, precious metals)
(beginning of the Twentieth Century)

Pistol “michelino” with wood grips. Probably of Spanish origin.
(beginning of the Twentieth Century)

Earthenware pitcher. Also called "Quartana" (from the fourth, namely the fourth part of the barrel), the word is used as the name of the vessel and not of the measure. Dated to 1887.

Glazed earthenware flask. Local production
(beginning of the Nineteenth Century)

Brocca in terracotta invetriata. Detta anche “quartana” (da quarto, cioè la quarta parte del barile), il termine rimase come nome del vaso e non della misura. Datata al 1887.

Fiaschetto in terracotta tornita, smaltata e invetriata. Produzione locale (fine Ottocento).

The chapel houses a collection of "Baby Jesus" in wax recently restored, documenting the widespread production of ceroplastica in Etnean territory, this collection is the most important exhibition among the property of etnoantropologico interest. On this heritage, the Superintendency of Catania, in particular the UO VIII, has prepared a campaign of cataloging and, given the poor state of preservation  of most items, has launched a targeted intervention of restoring.
The Baby Jesus are kept inside of wood boxes and glass bells, dating from the nineteenth century, and mainly depicting the Christ Child Jesus blessing or sleeping, usually placed inside careful sets consisting of miniature objects such as flowers, doves, birds, sheep, created in wax paper or tissue.

Wax Baby Jesus (beginning of the Nineteenth Century)

The techniques of performance that used the wax modeller, "u bamminiddaru" follow the dictates of the bronze sculpture using plaster molds. The latter, consisting of two parts, to realize the models, were equipped with a hole for the casting and leakage of unnecessary wax , with a circular motion over the entire inner surface of the mold; for this reason the works are hollow inside them. Cooled the wax and opened the mould,  the rough work is obtained, ready to be cleaned, polished, colored and altered with a series of small tools like a scalpel, of varying shape, allowing the perfect modeling of the piece.


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