| This grand fortress whose impressive
ruins can still be admired, guarded the only natural access to the highpoint
of the plateau Epipoli that dominated the ancient city. The genial defensive
strategy of Dionysius was to surround the entire plateau with some of the
most impressive walls of the Greek world, more than 27 kms long, built in
the beginning of the IV cent. BC.
The vast fortifications were modified over the centuries, above all by Agathocles and by Hieron II.
Three ditches precede the keep, with a massive wall between the second and third ditches, and with a drawbridge that rested on three massive piers that are still standing. The front of the keep is protected by five towers that used to be 15m. high. A complex network of galleries links the third ditch to various other parts of the fortress and the exterior. Three large cisterns provided water-supplies. A large pincer-gate with three openings lies to the north of the keep, protected by a series of walls.
The fortress is linked to the Walls of Dionysius to the north and south.
Address: Piazza Eurialo, 1