|| The little peninsula of Magnisi (formerly
called Thapsos) that lies between the gulfs of Syracuse and Augusta, was
the site of a prehistoric settlement between the XV and the IX centuries
BC. During the first phase of its existence (XV-XIII centuries BC), it gave
its name to the most widespread culture of eastern and central Sicily in
the Middle Bronze Age.
The large settlement is divided into various phases of construction. The
first organised nucleus has circular huts that, between the XIII and XII
centuries BC, become houses with rectangular rooms around paved courtyards
linked by little lanes and communal open areas. The urban layout reveals
close contacts with the Mycenaean world, confirmed by imported ceramics
found at Thapsos that illustrate the vast network of overseas contacts that
Mycenaean Greece was able to weave across the entire Mediterranean.
The large necropolis with its cave tombs with vertical entrance shafts or
dromos entry-corridors has revealed rich tomb-finds that include imported
objects (ceramics, ornaments) from the Mycenaean world, from Cyprus and
Malta and that testify to the vivacity of the sea-faring culture.